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安装后,需采用 OnConfiguring 方法或 AddDbContext 方法(如果使用的是依赖关系注入容器)在 DbContext 中配置提供程序。 Once installed, you will configure the provider in your DbContext, either in the OnConfiguring method or in the AddDbContext method if you are using a dependency injection container. MariaDB - see CONFSERVER-29060; Percona Server - see CONFSERVER-36471; Confluence can become unresponsive with Oracle's Native Network Encryption - see CONFSERVER-60152 for mitigation options. Confluence requires Service Pack 1 or later for Microsoft SQL Server 2016 - see CONFSERVER-61145.

Apps in macbook air. Entity Framework Core 可通过名为数据库提供程序的插件库访问许多不同的数据库。Entity Framework Core can access many different databases through plug-in libraries called database providers.

当前提供程序Current providers

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EF Core 提供程序由多种源生成。EF Core providers are built by a variety of sources.并非所有提供程序均作为 Entity Framework Core 项目的组成部分进行维护。Not all providers are maintained as part of the Entity Framework Core Project.考虑使用提供程序时,请务必评估质量、授权、支持等因素,确保其满足要求。When considering a provider, be sure to evaluate quality, licensing, support, etc. to ensure they meet your requirements.同时也请务必查看每个提供程序的文档,详细了解版本兼容性信息。Also make sure you review each provider's documentation for detailed version compatibility information.

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EF Core 提供程序通常跨次要版本工作,但不跨主要版本工作。EF Core providers typically work across minor versions, but not across major versions.例如,针对 EF Core 2.1 发布的提供程序应用于 EF Core 2.2,但不适用于 EF Core 3.0。For example, a provider released for EF Core 2.1 should work with EF Core 2.2, but will not work with EF Core 3.0.

NuGet 程序包NuGet Package支持的数据库引擎Supported database engines维护商/供应商Maintainer / Vendor备注/要求Notes / Requirements专为版本构建Built for version有用的链接Useful links
Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServerMicrosoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServerSQL Server 2012 以上版本SQL Server 2012 onwardsEF Core 项目 (Microsoft)EF Core Project (Microsoft)5.05.0docsdocs
Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqliteMicrosoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqliteSQLite 3.7 及以上版本SQLite 3.7 onwardsEF Core 项目 (Microsoft)EF Core Project (Microsoft)5.05.0docsdocs
Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.InMemoryMicrosoft.EntityFrameworkCore.InMemoryEF Core 内存中数据库EF Core in-memory databaseEF Core 项目 (Microsoft)EF Core Project (Microsoft)限制Limitations5.05.0docsdocs
Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.CosmosMicrosoft.EntityFrameworkCore.CosmosAzure Cosmos DB SQL APIAzure Cosmos DB SQL APIEF Core 项目 (Microsoft)EF Core Project (Microsoft)5.05.0docsdocs
Npgsql.EntityFrameworkCore.PostgreSQLNpgsql.EntityFrameworkCore.PostgreSQLpostgresqlPostgreSQLNpgsql 开发团队Npgsql Development Team5.05.0docsdocs
Pomelo.EntityFrameworkCore.MySqlPomelo.EntityFrameworkCore.MySqlMySQL、MariaDBMySQL, MariaDBPomelo Foundation 项目Pomelo Foundation Project3.13.1自述文件readme
MySql.EntityFrameworkCoreMySql.EntityFrameworkCoreMySQLMySQLMySQL 项目 (Oracle)MySQL project (Oracle)5.05.0docsdocs
Oracle.EntityFrameworkCoreOracle.EntityFrameworkCoreOracle DB 11.2 及更高版本Oracle DB 11.2 onwardsOracleOracle5.05.0网站website
Devart.Data.MySql.EFCoreDevart.Data.MySql.EFCoreMySQL 5 及以上版本MySQL 5 onwardsDevArtDevArt已付Paid3.13.1docsdocs
Devart.Data.Oracle.EFCoreDevart.Data.Oracle.EFCoreOracle DB 9.2.0.4 及更高版本Oracle DB 9.2.0.4 onwardsDevArtDevArt已付Paid3.13.1docsdocs
Devart.Data.PostgreSql.EFCoreDevart.Data.PostgreSql.EFCorePostgreSQL 8.0 及以上版本PostgreSQL 8.0 onwardsDevArtDevArt已付Paid3.13.1docsdocs
Devart.Data.SQLite.EFCoreDevart.Data.SQLite.EFCoreSQLite 3 及以上版本SQLite 3 onwardsDevArtDevArt已付Paid3.13.1docsdocs
FirebirdSql.EntityFrameworkCore.FirebirdFirebirdSql.EntityFrameworkCore.FirebirdFirebird 2.5 和 3.xFirebird 2.5 and 3.xJiří ČinčuraJiří Činčura3.13.1docsdocs
IBM.EntityFrameworkCoreIBM.EntityFrameworkCoreDb2、InformixDb2, InformixIBMIBM付费,WindowsPaid, Windows3.13.1客户网站customer website
IBM.EntityFrameworkCore-lnxIBM.EntityFrameworkCore-lnxDb2、InformixDb2, InformixIBMIBM付费,LinuxPaid, Linux3.13.1客户网站customer website
IBM.EntityFrameworkCore-osxIBM.EntityFrameworkCore-osxDb2、InformixDb2, InformixIBMIBM付费,macOSPaid, macOS3.13.1客户网站customer website
Teradata.EntityFrameworkCoreTeradata.EntityFrameworkCoreTeradata 数据库 16.10 及更高版本Teradata Database 16.10 onwardsTeradataTeradata3.13.1网站website
FileContextCoreFileContextCore在文件中存储数据Stores data in filesMorris JanatzekMorris Janatzek用于开发For development purposes3.03.0自述文件readme
EntityFrameworkCore.JetEntityFrameworkCore.JetMicrosoft Access 文件Microsoft Access filesBubiBubi.NET Framework.NET Framework2.22.2自述文件readme
EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServerCompact35EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServerCompact35SQL Server Compact 3.5SQL Server Compact 3.5Erik Ejlskov JensenErik Ejlskov Jensen.NET Framework.NET Framework2.22.2wikiwiki
EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServerCompact40EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServerCompact40SQL Server Compact 4.0SQL Server Compact 4.0Erik Ejlskov JensenErik Ejlskov Jensen.NET Framework.NET Framework2.22.2wikiwiki
EntityFrameworkCore.FirebirdSqlEntityFrameworkCore.FirebirdSqlFirebird 2.5 和 3.xFirebird 2.5 and 3.xRafael AlmeidaRafael Almeida2.12.1wikiwiki
EntityFrameworkCore.OpenEdgeEntityFrameworkCore.OpenEdgeProgress OpenEdgeProgress OpenEdgeAlex WieseAlex Wiese2.12.1自述文件readme
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向应用程序添加数据库提供程序Adding a database provider to your application

EF Core 的大多数数据库提供程序都是作为 NuGet 包分发的,可按如下所示安装:Most database providers for EF Core are distributed as NuGet packages, and can be installed as follows:

安装后,需采用 OnConfiguring 方法或 AddDbContext 方法(如果使用的是依赖关系注入容器)在 DbContext 中配置提供程序。Once installed, you will configure the provider in your DbContext, either in the OnConfiguring method or in the AddDbContext method if you are using a dependency injection container.例如,以下行使用传递的连接字符串配置 SQL Server 提供程序:For example, the following line configures the SQL Server provider with the passed connection string:

数据库提供程序可扩展 EF Core,启用特定数据库特有的功能。Database providers can extend EF Core to enable functionality unique to specific databases.一些概念为大多数据库共有,它们包含于 EF Core 主要组件中。Some concepts are common to most databases, and are included in the primary EF Core components.此类概念包括 LINQ 中的表达查询、事务以及对象从数据库加载后的跟踪更改。Such concepts include expressing queries in LINQ, transactions, and tracking changes to objects once they are loaded from the database.另一些概念特定于具体的提供程序。Some concepts are specific to a particular provider.例如,通过 SQL Server 提供程序可配置内存优化表(SQL Server 的一种特定功能)。For example, the SQL Server provider allows you to configure memory-optimized tables (a feature specific to SQL Server).其他一些概念特定于某一类提供程序。Other concepts are specific to a class of providers.例如,用于关系数据库的 EF Core 提供程序构建于公共 Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Relational 库上,该库提供的 API 可用于配置表和列映射、外键约束等。提供程序通常作为 NuGet 包分发。For example, EF Core providers for relational databases build on the common Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Relational library, which provides APIs for configuring table and column mappings, foreign key constraints, etc. Providers are usually distributed as NuGet packages.

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发布 EF Core 的新补丁版本时,其中通常包含 Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Relational 包的更新。When a new patch version of EF Core is released, it often includes updates to the Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Relational package.添加关系数据库提供程序时,该包将成为应用程序的传递依赖项。When you add a relational database provider, this package becomes a transitive dependency of your application.但许多提供程序是独立于 EF Core 发布的,因此可能不会更新为依赖该包的较新补丁版本。But many providers are released independently from EF Core and may not be updated to depend on the newer patch version of that package.为确保能修复所有 bug,建议将 Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Relational 补丁版本添加为应用程序的直接依赖项。In order to make sure you will get all bug fixes, it is recommended that you add the patch version of Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Relational as a direct dependency of your application.

XAMPP este o distribuţie Apache uşor de instalat, conţinând MySQL, PHP şi Perl. Este suficient să o descărcaţi, apoi să startaţi installer-ul. Este foarte ușor.

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  • XAMPP pentru Windows7.3.27, 7.4.16 & 8.0.3

    VersiuneSumă de controlMărime
    7.3.27 / PHP 7.3.27Ce este inclus?
    • md5
    • sha1
    154 Mb
    7.4.16 / PHP 7.4.16Ce este inclus?
    • md5
    • sha1
    156 Mb
    8.0.3 / PHP 8.0.3Ce este inclus?
    • md5
    • sha1
    156 Mb

    Conţine: Apache 2.4.46, MariaDB 10.4.18, PHP 7.3.27, phpMyAdmin 5.1.0, OpenSSL 1.1.1, XAMPP Control Panel 3.2.4, Webalizer 2.23-04, Mercury Mail Transport System 4.63, FileZilla FTP Server 0.9.41, Tomcat 7.0.108 (with mod_proxy_ajp as connector), Strawberry Perl 5.32.0.1 Portable

    Conţine: Apache 2.4.46, MariaDB 10.4.18, PHP 7.4.16, phpMyAdmin 5.1.0, OpenSSL 1.1.1, XAMPP Control Panel 3.2.4, Webalizer 2.23-04, Mercury Mail Transport System 4.63, FileZilla FTP Server 0.9.41, Tomcat 7.0.108 (with mod_proxy_ajp as connector), Strawberry Perl 5.32.0.1 Portable

    Conţine: Apache 2.4.46, MariaDB 10.4.18, PHP 8.0.3, phpMyAdmin 5.1.0, OpenSSL 1.1.1, XAMPP Control Panel 3.2.4, Webalizer 2.23-04, Mercury Mail Transport System 4.63, FileZilla FTP Server 0.9.41, Tomcat 7.0.108 (with mod_proxy_ajp as connector), Strawberry Perl 5.32.0.1 Portable

    Windows 2008, 2012, Vista, 7, 8 (Important: XP or 2003 not supported)

    Windows XP or 2003 are not supported. You can download a compatible version of XAMPP for these platforms here.

  • XAMPP pentru Linux7.3.27, 7.4.16 & 8.0.3

    VersiuneSumă de controlMărime
    7.3.27 / PHP 7.3.27Ce este inclus?
    • md5
    • sha1
    152 Mb
    7.4.16 / PHP 7.4.16Ce este inclus?
    • md5
    • sha1
    151 Mb
    8.0.3 / PHP 8.0.3Ce este inclus?
    • md5
    • sha1
    152 Mb

    Conţine: Apache 2.4.46, MariaDB 10.4.18, PHP 7.3.27 + SQLite 2.8.17/3.34.1 + multibyte (mbstring) support, Perl 5.32.1, ProFTPD 1.3.6, phpMyAdmin 5.1.0, OpenSSL 1.1.1j, GD 2.2.5, Freetype2 2.4.8, libpng 1.6.37, gdbm 1.8.3, zlib 1.2.11, expat 2.0.1, Sablotron 1.0.3, libxml 2.0.1, Ming 0.4.5, Webalizer 2.23-05, pdf class 0.11.7, ncurses 5.9, pdf class 0.11.7, mod_perl 2.0.11, FreeTDS 0.91, gettext 0.19.8.1, IMAP C-Client 2007e, OpenLDAP (client) 2.4.48, mcrypt 2.5.8, mhash 0.9.9.9, cUrl 7.53.1, libxslt 1.1.33, libapreq 2.13, FPDF 1.7, ICU4C Library 66.1, APR 1.5.2, APR-utils 1.5.4

    Conţine: Apache 2.4.46, MariaDB 10.4.18, PHP 7.4.16 + SQLite 2.8.17/3.34.1 + multibyte (mbstring) support, Perl 5.32.1, ProFTPD 1.3.6, phpMyAdmin 5.1.0, OpenSSL 1.1.1j, GD 2.2.5, Freetype2 2.4.8, libpng 1.6.37, gdbm 1.8.3, zlib 1.2.11, expat 2.0.1, Sablotron 1.0.3, libxml 2.0.1, Ming 0.4.5, Webalizer 2.23-05, pdf class 0.11.7, ncurses 5.9, pdf class 0.11.7, mod_perl 2.0.11, FreeTDS 0.91, gettext 0.19.8.1, IMAP C-Client 2007e, OpenLDAP (client) 2.4.48, mcrypt 2.5.8, mhash 0.9.9.9, cUrl 7.53.1, libxslt 1.1.33, libapreq 2.13, FPDF 1.7, ICU4C Library 66.1, APR 1.5.2, APR-utils 1.5.4

    Conţine: Apache 2.4.46, MariaDB 10.4.18, PHP 8.0.3 & PEAR + SQLite 2.8.17/3.34.1 + multibyte (mbstring) support, Perl 5.32.1, ProFTPD 1.3.6, phpMyAdmin 5.1.0, OpenSSL 1.1.1j, GD 2.2.5, Freetype2 2.4.8, libpng 1.6.37, gdbm 1.8.3, zlib 1.2.11, expat 2.0.1, Sablotron 1.0.3, libxml 2.0.1, Ming 0.4.5, Webalizer 2.23-05, pdf class 0.11.7, ncurses 5.9, pdf class 0.11.7, mod_perl 2.0.11, FreeTDS 0.91, gettext 0.19.8.1, IMAP C-Client 2007e, OpenLDAP (client) 2.4.48, mcrypt 2.5.8, mhash 0.9.9.9, cUrl 7.53.1, libxslt 1.1.33, libapreq 2.13, FPDF 1.7, ICU4C Library 66.1, APR 1.5.2, APR-utils 1.5.4

    Most all distributions of Linux are supported, including Debian, RedHat, CentOS, Ubuntu, Fedora, Gentoo, Arch, SUSE.

  • XAMPP pentru OS X7.3.27, 7.4.16, 8.0.3, 7.3.27, 7.4.16 & 8.0.3

    VersiuneSumă de controlMărime
    7.3.27 / PHP 7.3.27Ce este inclus?
    • md5
    • sha1
    163 Mb
    7.4.16 / PHP 7.4.16Ce este inclus?
    • md5
    • sha1
    163 Mb
    8.0.3 / PHP 8.0.3Ce este inclus?
    • md5
    • sha1
    164 Mb
    7.3.27 / PHP 7.3.27Ce este inclus?
    • md5
    • sha1
    358 Mb
    7.4.16 / PHP 7.4.16Ce este inclus?
    • md5
    • sha1
    358 Mb
    8.0.3 / PHP 8.0.3Ce este inclus?
    • md5
    • sha1
    358 Mb

    Conţine: Apache 2.4.46, MariaDB 10.4.18, PHP 7.3.27 + SQLite 2.8.17/3.34.1 + multibyte (mbstring) support, Perl 5.32.1, ProFTPD 1.3.6, phpMyAdmin 5.1.0, OpenSSL 1.1.1j, GD 2.2.5, Freetype2 2.4.8, libpng 1.6.37, gdbm 1.8.3, zlib 1.2.11, expat 2.0.1, Sablotron 1.0.3, libxml 2.0.1, Ming 0.4.5, Webalizer 2.23-05, pdf class 0.11.7, ncurses 5.9, pdf class 0.11.7, mod_perl 2.0.11, FreeTDS 0.91, gettext 0.19.8.1, IMAP C-Client 2007e, OpenLDAP (client) 2.4.48, mcrypt 2.5.8, mhash 0.9.9.9, cUrl 7.53.1, libxslt 1.1.33, libapreq 2.13, FPDF 1.7, ICU4C Library 66.1, APR 1.5.2, APR-utils 1.5.4

    Conţine: Apache 2.4.46, MariaDB 10.4.18, PHP 7.4.16 + SQLite 2.8.17/3.34.1 + multibyte (mbstring) support, Perl 5.32.1, ProFTPD 1.3.6, phpMyAdmin 5.1.0, OpenSSL 1.1.1j, GD 2.2.5, Freetype2 2.4.8, libpng 1.6.37, gdbm 1.8.3, zlib 1.2.11, expat 2.0.1, Sablotron 1.0.3, libxml 2.0.1, Ming 0.4.5, Webalizer 2.23-05, pdf class 0.11.7, ncurses 5.9, pdf class 0.11.7, mod_perl 2.0.11, FreeTDS 0.91, gettext 0.19.8.1, IMAP C-Client 2007e, OpenLDAP (client) 2.4.48, mcrypt 2.5.8, mhash 0.9.9.9, cUrl 7.53.1, libxslt 1.1.33, libapreq 2.13, FPDF 1.7, ICU4C Library 66.1, APR 1.5.2, APR-utils 1.5.4

    Conţine: Apache 2.4.46, MariaDB 10.4.18, PHP 8.0.3 & PEAR + SQLite 2.8.17/3.34.1 + multibyte (mbstring) support, Perl 5.32.1, ProFTPD 1.3.6, phpMyAdmin 5.1.0, OpenSSL 1.1.1j, GD 2.2.5, Freetype2 2.4.8, libpng 1.6.37, gdbm 1.8.3, zlib 1.2.11, expat 2.0.1, Sablotron 1.0.3, libxml 2.0.1, Ming 0.4.5, Webalizer 2.23-05, pdf class 0.11.7, ncurses 5.9, pdf class 0.11.7, mod_perl 2.0.11, FreeTDS 0.91, gettext 0.19.8.1, IMAP C-Client 2007e, OpenLDAP (client) 2.4.48, mcrypt 2.5.8, mhash 0.9.9.9, cUrl 7.53.1, libxslt 1.1.33, libapreq 2.13, FPDF 1.7, ICU4C Library 66.1, APR 1.5.2, APR-utils 1.5.4

    Conţine: Apache 2.4.46, MariaDB 10.4.18, PHP 7.3.27 + SQLite 2.8.17/3.34.1 + multibyte (mbstring) support, Perl 5.32.1, ProFTPD 1.3.6, phpMyAdmin 5.1.0, OpenSSL 1.1.1j, GD 2.2.5, Freetype2 2.4.8, libpng 1.6.37, gdbm 1.8.3, zlib 1.2.11, expat 2.0.1, Sablotron 1.0.3, libxml 2.0.1, Ming 0.4.5, Webalizer 2.23-05, pdf class 0.11.7, ncurses 5.9, pdf class 0.11.7, mod_perl 2.0.11, FreeTDS 0.91, gettext 0.19.8.1, IMAP C-Client 2007e, OpenLDAP (client) 2.4.48, mcrypt 2.5.8, mhash 0.9.9.9, cUrl 7.53.1, libxslt 1.1.33, libapreq 2.13, FPDF 1.7, ICU4C Library 66.1, APR 1.5.2, APR-utils 1.5.4

    Conţine: Apache 2.4.46, MariaDB 10.4.18, PHP 7.4.16 + SQLite 2.8.17/3.34.1 + multibyte (mbstring) support, Perl 5.32.1, ProFTPD 1.3.6, phpMyAdmin 5.1.0, OpenSSL 1.1.1j, GD 2.2.5, Freetype2 2.4.8, libpng 1.6.37, gdbm 1.8.3, zlib 1.2.11, expat 2.0.1, Sablotron 1.0.3, libxml 2.0.1, Ming 0.4.5, Webalizer 2.23-05, pdf class 0.11.7, ncurses 5.9, pdf class 0.11.7, mod_perl 2.0.11, FreeTDS 0.91, gettext 0.19.8.1, IMAP C-Client 2007e, OpenLDAP (client) 2.4.48, mcrypt 2.5.8, mhash 0.9.9.9, cUrl 7.53.1, libxslt 1.1.33, libapreq 2.13, FPDF 1.7, ICU4C Library 66.1, APR 1.5.2, APR-utils 1.5.4

    Conţine: Apache 2.4.46, MariaDB 10.4.18, PHP 8.0.3 & PEAR + SQLite 2.8.17/3.34.1 + multibyte (mbstring) support, Perl 5.32.1, ProFTPD 1.3.6, phpMyAdmin 5.1.0, OpenSSL 1.1.1j, GD 2.2.5, Freetype2 2.4.8, libpng 1.6.37, gdbm 1.8.3, zlib 1.2.11, expat 2.0.1, Sablotron 1.0.3, libxml 2.0.1, Ming 0.4.5, Webalizer 2.23-05, pdf class 0.11.7, ncurses 5.9, pdf class 0.11.7, mod_perl 2.0.11, FreeTDS 0.91, gettext 0.19.8.1, IMAP C-Client 2007e, OpenLDAP (client) 2.4.48, mcrypt 2.5.8, mhash 0.9.9.9, cUrl 7.53.1, libxslt 1.1.33, libapreq 2.13, FPDF 1.7, ICU4C Library 66.1, APR 1.5.2, APR-utils 1.5.4

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